Common Nail Disorders And How To Deal With Them


Familiarity and understanding of common nail disorder states will help us make accurate judgments and use the correct treatment and nail art when doing nail art.

Nail atrophy

Nail atrophy is caused by frequent exposure to chemicals that damage the nail core and cause the nail to lose its luster and, in severe cases, cause the entire nail to peel off.

Processing method

When the nail atrophy is not serious, you can directly make crystal nails or phototherapy nails, but you should pay attention to the method of jamming on the finger rest plate.

When nail atrophy is severe, you can use the crystal nail stump repair method to create a virtual nail bed part first and then perform crystal nail extension.

If nail atrophy is severe (atrophy exceeding the upper 1/3 of the nail cap) and is accompanied by inflammation, hospital treatment is recommended.


Rupture of the nail groove

The rupture of the nail groove is due to the fact that in autumn and winter, the temperature gradually drops, the secretion of skin glands decreases, the exposed part of the hands and feet has a large heat dissipation surface, and the oil on the hands evaporates rapidly, resulting in cracks and bleeding at the nail groove.

Processing method

Reduce the number of hand washing appropriately, and after washing, use a dry soft towel to absorb the water and rub nutritional oil to protect the skin.

Do regular beeswax hand care.

Eat more vitamin A-rich foods such as carrots and spinach.


Fingernail bruising

Nail bruising refers to the appearance of blood or blue-black spots under the nails, mostly due to external impact, squeezing, collision, or caused by trichinella infection in pork or liver disease.

Processing method

If the nail is not injured to the nail root or nail nail, the nail will grow normally. You can perform a natural nail repair by applying a dark nail polish to cover the nail surface.

All types of nail art methods can be used, the main thing is to cover the spotted part with care.

If the nail body is loose or accompanied by inflammation, you should go to the hospital for treatment.

Bitten Nails

Nail biting is a bad habit, mostly caused by nervous tension.


You can do crystal nails, which can not only beautify your nails, but also help you get rid of bad habits.

The front edge of the nail is carefully trimmed and a nourishing manicure is performed.

Regular manicures and the right nutritional conditioning.


Nail Thorn 

Nail stings are caused by cracked skin at the base of the nail, excess skin that grows from hands that are not kept properly moisturized, or from contact with harsh nail polish removers or cleansers.


Do basic nail care, moisturize dry skin, and cut off excess thorns with dead skin scissors. Be careful not to pull it off and avoid pulling the skin.

Apply an emollient with a high oil content and massage in gently with your hands.

In order to avoid inflammation caused by cracked and infected finger skin, soak your hands with soap containing fungicides, and then apply antibiotic ointment after hand care, the effect will be more ideal.


Nail Crest

Nail ridges are caused by nail diseases or trauma. The nails are thick and dry, with ridge-like protrusions on the surface, which can be polished to make the nails complete.


In this case, sanding with a sand bar or polishing with a sponge is sufficient.

Overgrown Soft Nail Skin

If you haven't done basic nail care and maintenance for a long time, the aging nail skin accumulates excessively at the back edge of the nail, forming a folded hard skin that wraps around the nail cap, making the nail look short.

Processing Method

Apply finger skin softener to the dead skin and use a dead skin pusher to push the overgrown dead skin towards the back edge of the nail or use professional dead skin scissors to cut off the excess dead skin.

Beeswax treatment to fully moisturize and soften the finger skin before pushing and clipping the dead skin.

Self-care method. After showering, wrap your fingers in a soft towel and gently push the finger skin toward the back edge. Apply massage lotion to the fingers and give a massage.

Go to a professional nail salon for regular hand care maintenance.


Eggshell-Shaped Nails

The nail is white, fragile, thin and soft, and easily broken. The front edge of the nail is often bent and hooked, often with an exposed core or atrophy, and the nail loses its luster. Most of these nails are caused by genetics, injury or chronic disease.

Processing Method

Regular basic nail care to strengthen the nails and add nutrients and hardness to the nails.

Because the nails are bent and hooked in front, they are not suitable for applying nail pieces, but only for crystal nails and light therapy nails. When doing crystal nails and light therapy nails, you should pay attention to lightly pushing the finger skin; choose a fine surface sanding strip for carving to avoid hurting the nail; when trimming the front edge of the nail, you should cut both sides first and then cut the middle to avoid breaking the nail.

When putting on the finger rests, trim the finger rests properly to avoid irritating the finger core.


Wrinkled Nails

Nail wrinkling appears as a longitudinal texture on the surface of the nail and is usually caused by disease, dieting, smoking, irregular life, and mental stress.

Processing Method

Generally, it does not affect the nail art. The surface of such nails is relatively dry, frequent basic nail care and advise customers to do reasonable rest and conditioning will make the surface symptoms relieved.

When nail art, the uneven sides of the surface are carved in place when the surface is carved and polished.

Nail Fungus

Nail fungus is an infection that occurs in the nail groove area. It is usually caused by puncture wounds, abrasions, ingrown nails or removal of nail spurs from the nail groove and nearby tissues. The infection is usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection, especially Candida albicans, which can cause a chronic infection with a persistent nature.

Processing Method

Protect your hands (feet), do not soak in water or soapy water for a long time, and dry your hands (feet) immediately after washing them.

Trim your nails correctly, trim them to a square or squared circle and do not cut off the corners on both sides, otherwise the newly grown nails will be easily embedded in the soft tissues.

If the affected area has become pus-forming, the sore should be disinfected and then punctured to allow the pus to escape and relieve the pain, and an antifungal ointment should be applied lightly to the wound.

In severe cases, medical attention should be sought as soon as possible. You should not do nail art during pus and inflammation.


White Spot Nail

White-spotted nails are caused by a lack of zinc, or damaged nails, air intrusion, or may be due to long-term exposure to heavy metals such as arsenic poisoning, which produces white horizontal spots on the nail surface, or may be due to a lack of keratin in the nails.

Processing Method

In this case, regular basic hand care and nail care are sufficient.

Fractured Nails

Nail breakage is mainly caused by prolonged exposure to strong cleaning agents, developers, strong alkaline soaps and chemicals. Long-term exposure to nail polish remover, nail shampoo and other chemicals containing acetone and irritants, or improper file cutting, finger injuries, arthritis and other physical diseases can cause nail breakage.

Processing Method

Carefully cut off the broken fingertips from both sides of the nail.

Doing an oil-based electric hand treatment or regular beeswax hand treatments can provide relief.

Wear protective gloves when working to avoid erosion caused by long-term contact with chemicals.

Consume more vegetables containing vitamin A and vitamin C and cod liver oil.

Having crystal nails can change and prevent nail breakage.

Spoon Shaped Nails

Spoon shaped nails are a symptom of calcium deficiency, malnutrition, and especially iron deficiency anemia.

Processing Method

Do regular hand nutrition treatments.

Eat more green vegetables, red meat, nuts (especially almonds) and other mineral-rich foods.

When doing nail extensions you should trim the front edge of the upturned nail and fill the depressed area, paying attention to the method of cardboard pallets.


Nails That Are Too Wide Or Too Thick

Excessively wide or thick nails mostly occur on toenails, mainly due to lack of grooming or too tight shoes. Genetics, bacterial infections or internal diseases can affect nail growth.

Processing Method

Do basic foot care.

Sand the over-thick part with a fine-faced sanding strip.


Exposed Finger Core

Frequent contact with strong alkaline soaps and chemicals, or cleaning the fingertips by probing too deeply and damaging the core, can easily cause the core to shrink significantly toward the nail bed and the fingertips to appear jagged, which in severe cases can lead to complete loss of the nail.

Processing Method

Avoid irritating the finger core.

Normally, after contact with chemicals, you should wash it off with water and do regular hand care by applying nutrient oil on the nail surface to promote rapid recovery of nails.

You can do nail service if you have a slightly exposed finger core. When doing extension nail, you should pay attention to the method of putting on the paper tray plate.

If there is damage to the exposed core of the finger with inflammation, you should not do nail service and should go to a hospital for treatment.


Ingrown Nails

Ingrown toenail is a pre-inflammatory condition that occurs mostly in the toenail and is mainly caused by wearing shoes that are too tight or improperly trimmed. Women wear high heels for long periods of time, adding pressure to the feet, which can cause nails to grow out of shape.

Processing Method

This condition should be treated promptly.

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